3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors have a broad range of applications in the beverage industry. They have been used for over 20 years to add and remove gasses from a variety of liquids, including alcohol, juices, soft drinks and many others. Each contactor housing is packed with a unique Hollow Fiber membrane to create a device that is compact, very efficient and able to provide extreme control over gas volumes being added to or removed from a liquid. These devices are installed in-line.
Carbon Dioxide Removal
3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors are typically used to carbonate a liquid instead of sparging in large CO2 bubbles. The addition of carbon dioxide helps to prevent spoilage and reduce the exposure of the liquid to bacteria. Carbon dioxide can also affect taste and sparkle. For these reasons the precise control that 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors provide is essential for beverage manufacturers.
Not only can 3M Liqui-Cel Contactors add CO2 at the molecular level, they are also capable of removing oxygen at the same time. Oxygen removal can help prevent negative impacts on shelf life and taste.
3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors are also used in wine applications to control the alcohol levels.
One of the more unique applications of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors is to make juice concentrate. This is accomplished by placing a solution of brine at the lumenside (gas side) or on the inside of the Hollow Fiber. The brine and juice, which is flowing along the outside of the Hollow Fiber, now have different vapor pressures so water vapor passes from the juice flow to the brine side of the Hollow Fiber resulting in co ncentrated juice.
The presence of dissolved gases in a liquid can mean the difference between high quality and headaches. The same gases that give beverages their distinctive flavor and fizz can corrode boiler equipment or cause defects in microelectronics. For over 20 years, 3M’s advanced gas transfer membrane technology has been used to precisely control dissolved gases in many applications.
Power plants generating steam balance cost, efficiency and reliability with environmental considerations while supplying energy to the world. Degasified water plays a critical role in generating the energy used to heat and cool homes and businesses while protecting vital capital equipment.
We owe some of the sparkle, taste and texture of our favorite drinks to dissolved gases. Whether removing oxygen to help extend shelf life or adding fizz, gas control systems help the beverage industry improve product quality from the first sip to the last drop.
From wide-format graphics to printed tees, ink jet production is a growing market. Faced with high customer expectations for print quality and fast turnaround, printers depend on technologies that help keep the presses running without interruption. And without smudging the fine print.
Heat and power generation in biofuel engine cogeneration plants has become increasingly important as process industries look for more economical and environmentally friendly ways to produce energy.
Lincoln Electric Systems (LES) recently commissioned a membrane decarbonation system using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ EXF-14x28 Series Membrane Contactors to remove CO2 prior to their mixed bed deionizers.
3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors offer a modular skid option for off-shore oil platforms that is significantly smaller and lighter than traditional vacuum towers.
Controlling dissolved oxygen (DO) levels during beverage production is vital for ensuring consistent product quality and shelf life. This is particularly true for canning, where high DO levels can cause breakdown of the can lining, corrosion and even leaking – which in turn can result in product waste and customer dissatisfaction. In some cases, can supplier warranties have exclusions for high DO levels.
Hot Clean-In-Place (CIP) sanitization is commonly used to combat microbial growth in the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industries. Performed frequently as a prevention strategy, hot water sanitization is a requirement for high purity water (HPW) for United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.).
A Netherlands power station installed 3M Liqui-Cel membrane contractors for O2 removal. This case study explains how the membrane system exceeded expectations, achieving oxygen removal down to 5 ppb.
Many high-speed, wide-format ink jet printer manufacturers are now using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors to remove air bubbles and excess gases from ink to reduce downtime and improve yields. Entrained bubbles and excess gases are often the cause of printing surface defects and ink flow interruptions that can cause printer shut-downs.
The oil and gas industry has utilized various deaeration technologies for many years to remove dissolved gases, particularly oxygen, from injection water. In many hydrocarbon recovery and water processes, degassing is necessary in order to minimize environmental impact, improve operating efficiency, avoid process issues and help protect system components.
Ammonia is used as a cleaning and bleaching agent in the production of fertilizers, plastics, explosives, and many other products.
Increased gas content often leads to problems with bubble formation in highly viscous fluids. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors can provide a simple, compact, and efficient in-line solution for removing bubbles from viscous liquids before they create problems in a process operation.
Pure steam is used in sterilization chambers as a common method to sterilize pharmaceutical products, such as equipment parts, instruments, containers and materials for sterile environments.
Municipal water services continually utilize improved technologies so that they can offer their customers higher water quality.
An innovative approach to high quality ice production has been adopted by the new Ice Palace in Moscow.
ShenLan Environment Inc. located in Shanghai, China uses 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors in their boiler feed water treatment systems. These systems realize lower operating costs with the added benefit of reducing the chemicals added to the boiler feed water.
A major power plant in Thailand is using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors to remove carbon dioxide from a DI water system. The system is an expansion project and will be used to feed a high pressure boiler. Liqui-Cel membrane contactors are being used to lower the CO₂ inlet into an Ionpure Electrodeionization (EDI) system. Carbon dioxide adds an ionic load to the EDI system, which can reduce the performance of the system. Manufactures of the EDI equipment suggest lowering the inlet CO₂ to reduce the load on the equipment and improve the water quality.
Dissolved gas control in a nuclear power plant’s water system, including the primary make-up water storage tank and refueling water storage tank, can be essential to reduce radiation source term (defined as a release of radioactive material). In particular, controlling dissolved gases can also help reduce the formation of unwanted radionuclides, such as 14C and oxides of 60Co, and alleviate primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC).
The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.
Electrodeionization (EDI) is a widely used water treatment process. EDI technology is an electrochemical process that uses ion selective membranes and an electrical current to continuously remove ions from water. The process uses ion exchange resin to remove the ions from the feed stream, producing pure water.
As engineers come under increasing pressure to reduce maintenance and operating costs, inefficient combination double-pass reverse osmosis and electrodeionization (RO/EDI) water treatment systems have begun to lose popularity as a means of providing ultra-pure water. Integrated membrane systems (IMS), on the other hand, combine multiple membrane-based water treatment processes into a single system. In this case study, find out how a heat and power plant in Northeast China lowered capital costs and energy use by adopting an IMS to replace its conventional water treatment system.
Dissolved gases like NH3, H2S or NOx in waste water lead to contamination in the sewage system and high treatment costs for municipal waste water treatment plants.
Semiconductor manufacturers increasingly want precise control of O2 and N2 concentrations in ultrapure water. Specifically, the polishing loop of a semiconductor plant needs to control dissolved O2 to low levels of 1 ppb or 5 ppb while simultaneously controlling the dissolved N2 between 8–12 ppm.
Mixed bed ion exchange is often used to polish reverse osmosis (RO) permeate in many industrial water systems. This process has been utilized for several years and it is well known that the management of the dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in the water is critical for an efficient operation. By Membrana
Gas control is an important concern in the beverage industry. Oxygen in the water can oxidize flavor components and shorten the shelf life of the product. Carbon dioxide can also have an impact on taste and pH of the product.
In treating water for the production of pharmaceuticals, the concentration of gases dissolved in the water plays an important role.
In the food and beverage industry, there is a growing awareness of environmental considerations wherever chemicals are used. In response, companies are trending towards alternative systems that operate with less chemical usage.
Many manufacturing processes, analytical measurements, and other industrial processes that involve aqueous solutions are adversely affected by bubbles in the fluid stream. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors provide a very simple, cost effective solution to help eliminate bubbles from such processes.